Demjanjuk, John


Demjanjuk, John
(Ivan the Terrible)
(1920- )
   Demjanjuk entered the United States after World War II and became an auto worker in Cleveland, Ohio. He lost his U.S. citizenship in 1981 after the U.S. justice department built a case that he was "Ivan the Terrible," the gas chamber operator at the Nazi death camp of Treblinka, and in 1986, he was extradited to Israel. In 1988, he was found guilty and sentenced to death, but he appealed the verdict. On 29 July 1993, the Israeli Supreme Court nullified the death sentence and overturned his conviction of war crimes on grounds that new evidence from the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics had created reasonable doubt that he was Ivan the Terrible. He was thus freed to leave Israel.
   In 1998, a Federal District Court judge ruled that Demjanjuk's U. S. citizenship could be restored. This ruling prompted the Justice Department to file a new civil complaint against Demjanjuk that focused on allegations that he served as a guard at the Sobibor and Ma-jdanek camps in Poland and at the Flossenburg camp in Germany. It additionally accused Demjanjuk of being a member of an SS-run unit that took part in capturing nearly two millions Jews in Poland. A court ruled that the Justice Department had proved its case against Demjanjuk and in December 2005 he was ordered deported to Ukraine. But, even if Demjanjuk loses all appeals, he would remain in the United States as a "stateless alien" if no country is willing to accept him.
   See also Holocaust (The Shoah).

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DEMJANJUK, JOHN° — (Ivan; 1920– ), Nazi death camp guard. Born in the Ukrainian village of Dub Macharenzi, Demjanjuk survived the famine in the Ukraine and was drafted into the Soviet Army at the start of World War II. Sustaining an injury to the back, he was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • John Demjanjuk — Demjanjuk (centre) hearing his death sentence on April 25, 1988, in Jerusalem, Israel. This sentence was later overturned. Born April 3, 1920 (1920 04 03) (age  …   Wikipedia

  • Demjanjuk — als Angeklagter 1988 John Demjanjuk, geboren Iwan Mykolajowytsch Demjanjuk (ukrainisch Іван Миколайович Демьянюк, wiss. Transliteration Ivan Mykolajovyč Dem janjuk; * 3. April 1920 in Kosjatyn Rajon), ist ein mutmaßlicher ehemaliger KZ Wächter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Demjanjuk — John Demjanjuk John Demjanjuk pendant son procès à Jérusalem le 25 avril 1988 John Demjanjuk (en Иван Николаевич Демьянюк, Ivan Nikolaïevitch Demïaniouk) né le 3 avril 1920 à Doubovïe Matcharinzjy (oblast de Kiev, Ukraine) est un ancien gardien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Demjanjuk — Demjanjuk escuchando su sentencia de muerte el 25 de abril de 1988 …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Demjanjuk — pendant son procès à Jérusalem le 25 avril 1988 John Demjanjuk (en ukrainien Іван Миколайович Дем янюк, Ivan Mikolaïevitch Demïaniouk) né le 3 avril 1920 à Doubovïe Matcharinzjy (oblast de Vinnytsia, Ukraine) est un ancien gardien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Demjanjuk — Passbild Demjanjuks aus seinem SS Ausweis aus dem Jahr 1943 John Demjanjuk, geboren Iwan Mykolajowytsch Demjanjuk (ukrainisch Іван Миколайович Дем янюк, wiss. Transliteration Ivan Mykolajovyč Demjanjuk; * 3. April 1920 in Dubowi Macharynzi… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ivan Demjanjuk — Demjanjuk als Angeklagter 1988 John Demjanjuk, geboren Iwan Mykolajowytsch Demjanjuk (ukrainisch Іван Миколайович Демьянюк, wiss. Transliteration Ivan Mykolajovyč Dem janjuk; * 3. April 1920 in Kosjatyn Rajon), ist ein mutmaßlicher ehemaliger KZ… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Iwan Demjanjuk — Demjanjuk als Angeklagter 1988 John Demjanjuk, geboren Iwan Mykolajowytsch Demjanjuk (ukrainisch Іван Миколайович Демьянюк, wiss. Transliteration Ivan Mykolajovyč Dem janjuk; * 3. April 1920 in Kosjatyn Rajon), ist ein mutmaßlicher ehemaliger KZ… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • KZ Sobibor — Mausoleum an der Gedenkstätte Sobibor Das Vernichtungslager Sobibór war ein deutsches Vernichtungslager im südöstlichen Polen nahe der Stadt Włodawa und dem heutigen Dreiländereck Polen Weißrussland Ukraine. Zwischen Mai 1942 und Oktober 1943… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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